Botany Taekwon-Do

3rd gup, red stripe syllabus


L-Stance foot crossing in six directions with a with a foot change at each point

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X- fist pressing block

(kyocha joomuk noollo magki)

The X-fist pressing block can be performed from nearly every stance, though walking, sitting, and X-stances are most commonly used. The X-fist is used against the tibia of the attacking foot aimed at the defender's lower abdomen.


W-shape block (san magki)

This technique has dual functions: one is used against either a foot or hand attack to the philtrum and areas above, and the other is to strengthen the leg muscles. The outer forearm and knifehand are the principal tools, though occasionally a reverse knifehand or inner forearm is used.

Although the sitting and walking stances are mostly used, parallel, close one-leg and X-stances are also employed. The sitting, parallel, close and

one-leg stances are used against the attack either from front or side, whereas the walking and X-stances are only for the side. Dip the elbows

slightly below the shoulder at the moment of the block.


Double forearm low pushing block

(doo palmok najunde miro makgi)

A low double forearm-pushing block is

executed from rear foot and L-stances only.


Backfist side back strike

(dung joomuk yopdwi taerigi)

This technique is useful for attacking an opponent standing at the side rear angle. It can be executed from nearly every stance, though walking, sitting and close stances are mostly employed.

The backhand can also be used in rare cases. Keep the attacking tool full facing the target while extending the opposite arm to the side-downward at the moment of impact.


Knifehand low guarding block

(sonkal najunde daebi makgi)

When executing this technique the following points should be observed.

  • The knife hands generally form a parallel line.
  • The distance between the opposite knifehand and lower abdomen is about 3 centimetres.
  • The forearm becomes parallel to the thigh.
  • The elbow of the blocking arm is bent about 15 degrees outward.


Flying crescent kick (twimyo bandal chagi)

The purpose of this technique is to block the opponent's attacking hand or foot while flying. The method of kicking is the same as that of the crescent kick except the flying motion.




Upset fingertip thrust

(dwijibun sonkut tulgi)

This technique is mainly executed from a walking, L or X-stance, though occasionally from a rear foot stance. It is used chiefly against the pubic region but occasionally

the armpit.

Insure that the opposite side fist is brought in front of the shoulder at the moment of impact. A reverse thrust is normal in the case of a walking stance.


Twin side elbow thrust (sang yop palkup tulgi)

The philtrum and solar plexus are the main targets with the floating ribs and chest as secondary.

Keep both side fists faced downward at the moment of impact.


Upward kick (ollyo chagi)

This technique is used in attacking the solar plexus or chest

at close range with the knee. Be sure to pull down the

opponent's head or shoulder with both hands while kicking.


Flying kicks (twimyo chagi)

Flying kicks have a number of advantages: they perfect balance, develop co-ordination, condition muscles and are invaluable for attacking the high section of the body with the foot as well as developing timing and focus.

They are also effective for vaulting obstacles without exposing oneself to an attack, for leaping over a pole, club or knife attack, and for stopping an onrushing or fleeing opponent, closing distances, and driving through an encirclement of several opponents. A flying kick is performed with either one motion from the spot or several motions while running: the former is most practical at a closest distance, the latter at further distances.




Toi-Gye Tul 37 movements

Toi-Gye is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century), An authority on neo-Confucianism. The 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on 37 degrees latitude, and the diagram represents scholar.




One step sparring (ilbo matsogi)


Flying Kicks

Compulsory techniques: Crescent Kick, Front Kick, Turning Kick, Side Piercing,

Vertical Kick


Free sparring (jayu matsogi)


Self Defence (hosin sul)

Showing attacking, breaking and releasing techniques

Defence against the following attacks must contain

knees and elbows as counter attacks

Defence against -

  • Twin Palm push
  • Straight punch
  • Back fist strike
  • Hook punch
  • Double hook punch
  • Grab & hook punch
  • Break falls – Side, front & back
  • Rolling Break falls - Front & back



Flying Kicks - Front Kick, Side Kick, Turning Kick, Back Kick

Hand technique - Knifehand side strike, Reverse knifehand strike



All Taekwon-Do terminology above

Foot parts

Ball of the foot - apkumchi........ Knee - moorup

Reverse footsword - balkal dung

Footsword - balkal..........Back heel - dwitchook


Courtesy - Ye Ui

Taekwon-Do students should attempt to practice the following elements of courtesy to build up their noble character and to conduct their training in an orderly manner as well.

  • To be polite to one another
  • To encourage a sense of justice and humanity
  • To distinguish instructor from student, senior from junior, and elder from younger
  • To behave oneself according to etiquette
  • To respect other's possessions


Integrity - Yom Chi

In Taekwon-Do, the word integrity assumes a looser definition than the one usually presented in a dictionary. One must be able to define right from wrong and have the conscience, if wrong, to feel guilt. Listed are some examples where integrity is lacking.

  • The student who requests rank from an instructor, or attempts to purchase it.
  • The student who gains rank for ego purposes or the feeling of power.


Perseverance - In Nae

There is an old Oriental saying, "Patience leads to virtue or merit" - "One can make a peaceful home by being patient for 100 times". Certainly, happiness and prosperity are most likely to come to the patient person. To achieve something, whether it is a higher degree or the perfection of a technique, one must set a goal then constantly persevere. One of the most important secrets in becoming a leader of Taekwon-Do is to overcome every difficulty by perseverance.


Self Control - Guk Gi

This tenet is extremely important inside and outside the do jang, whether conducting oneself in free sparring or in one's personal affairs. An inability to live and work within one's capability or sphere is also a lack of self-control. According to Loa-Tzu "the term of stronger is the person who wins over oneself rather than someone else".


Indomitable Spirit - Baekjul Boolgool

Indomitable spirit is shown when a courageous person and their principles are pitted against overwhelming odds. A serious student of Taekwon-Do will at all times be modest and honest. If confronted with injustices, he/she will deal with the belligerent without any fear or hesitation at all, with indomitable spirit, regardless of whosoever and however many the number.